Intrauterine insemination involves placing a concentrated semen sample in the uterine cavity to improve the chances of conception. IUI is an effective treatment for both mild male factor fertility problems, anovulation and unexplained infertility where all other testing is normal. You can try 3-6 IUI attempts (if there are no underlying problems such as blocked fallopian tubes) before moving on to more advanced treatment.
Ultrasonography is painless, relatively inexpensive, and considered very safe, even during pregnancy.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) serves three basic purposes:
1. IUI therapy places a high concentration of sperm into the uterus; decreasing the distance the sperm needs to travel and increasing the chance of sperm reaching the egg to achieve fertilization.
2. By getting a higher number of sperm high into the female reproductive tract, it helps overcome mild to moderate male factor fertility problems.
3. When combined with ovulation induction, IUI can treat many causes of infertility. Among them: Ovarian dysfunction (irregular ovulation); Infertility associated with endometriosis (a painful inflammatory condition of the female pelvis); Cervical factor infertility (related to prior surgery); Unexplained infertility (infertility in which the exact cause cannot be identified); Polycystic ovarian syndrome (a common female endocrine disorder) and others.